Predicting adolescents' intentions to drink alcohol: Outcome expectancies and self-efficacy. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 56,
Advanced Search Abstract The trend away from a health and medical care-based policy to a healthy public policy has taken place in Sweden rather later than in other West European countries.
The aims of this study are to describe the contents of and analyze the changes over time in the five public-health plans in the county. The object of study for the policy analysis consists in these plans between and A deductive thematic content analysis was performed for each plan on the basis of the central determinants of health promotion.
The results show that the value attributed to good health was consistently high, but the means for attaining this goal have varied over time.
The policy focus of the measures in the plans have taken a cyclical path—from individual empowerment to empowerment from a societal perspective, and back prioritizing of actions at an individual level.
On the governance dimension, there has been a corresponding positional change over time—from regional to local and then back to regional.
Promoting the health of a population requires mutual interaction between the regional and local levels, in which both societal and individually oriented actions are prioritized. The Ottawa Charter The Ottawa Charter,during which the concept of supportive environments for health was coined, and which was adopted at the World Health Assembly of that year, has been of great importance for the development of the content of global health promotion.
In the discourse on the implementation of health promotion, the concept of empowerment has been central, but prominence has also been given to responsibilities at different societal and political levels WHO, In Europe efforts to improve public health have always had a close connection with social reform and the setting-up of a welfare society Sundin and Willner, The comparisons have shown that Sweden has been able to balance individual sovereignty and collective mutuality to meet social needs.
Further, Sweden is characterized by what is usually described as the Nordic Welfare Model, which entails broad public responsibility and legislated collective polices to meet welfare development and equity goals Lundberg et al.
The transition from a focus on health and medical care to a broader public health policy came somewhat later in Sweden than in other West European countries Pettersson, One possible reason was that the county councils, which constitute one of three administrative levels in Sweden with self-governance and the right independently to raise taxes, has had the principal task of taking responsibility for health care.
Thereby, the new Act imposed on the county councils a statutory duty to pursue health promotion and prevention at individual, group and community levels, although this was a duty restricted to medically based prevention.
The development of a national public-health policy started at the beginning of the s.
First inthe Swedish Parliament decided on a nationwide public-health policy, with one overall objective and 11 objective domains Proposition, Priorities were set according to politically determined public-health plans.
Each plan is the outcome of a policy process, and is a superordinate and binding policy document containing goals and priorities for health promotion in the county. During the period five such plans were laid down.
According to Hill Hill,there are several different ways of scrutinizing a policy. In this study, the focus is on policy content from a public-health perspective and its change over time. The plans were given different names during the period, but they are all essentially the same kind of document.
Two different approaches to the analysis of public-health plans have been adopted. The first is to perform a deductive thematic content analysis Patton, of each plan on the basis of six central factors of relevance to health promotion: The second approach, or part of the analysis, involves positioning, which is based on the findings of the previously conducted thematic analysis of each plan.
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How a health promotion model reduces disabling complications of diabetes 1 October, The incidence of diabetes is increasing worldwide, and in England million people - 2 to 3% - have the condition (DH, a).
The approach to method and item development within the network explicitly recognizes not only the desire to serve a monitoring function, but also the requirement that the data can be analysed from a range of theoretical perspectives.
The Education Issues Page is a discussion of what's wrong with public education in America today, with an emphasis on the liberalism and political correctness involved in public education.
The quality of education is going down while the price keeps going up. Locating an Orthomolecular Provider. Below is a self-subscribed provider listing of doctors around the world.
caninariojana.com is in no way offering a guarantee or endorsement of those providers listed. Jan 07, · Recap of the Beattie model of health promotion.
There are two scales that form four quadrants in the Beattie model. The horizontal spectrum is Individual to Collective, and the vertical spectrum is Authoritative to Negotiated (fig 1).